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Rockford Public Schools K-5 Prototype School: Architecture as Community

Rockford Public Schools K-5 Prototype School: Architecture as Community

Chicago – Children are a segment of the population with essentially zero political power. Any power they do hold is by proxy. The process and resulting solution for Rockford Public Schools’ new K-5 prototype school pivots this dynamic, designing with students rather than for them. This architecture is community.

During discovery meetings with the school principal, the design team learned the district holds “morning briefings” with their students, many of whom have disadvantageous, difficult and even traumatic home lives. The briefings are designed to help students release any negative energy they may hold, so they can best take in new information and collaborate with peers throughout the day.

The library opens directly onto the town hall hub. Activities begin to spill out of their confines and take place within an open – yet secure – environment. Photo credit: Christopher Barrett

Recognizing the importance of these “morning briefings” with students, our team identified a need for more programmatic space to ensure they could occur and students could best thrive. Balancing budget and space constraints, the design team in collaboration with Rockford 4th grade students designed a covered town hall at the center of the building. The town hall unites the school’s gymnasium, cafeteria, art spaces, library and other public spaces while providing a home for the briefings.

The central town hall is surrounded by grade-level learning communities specifically designed to the needs of the distinct age groupings: kindergarten, first and second, third and fourth and fifth grades. As a result of engaging students in the design process, the school moves away from traditional features – such as long corridors and fixed, immovable classroom objects that inhibit interaction and skill development – to embrace a more open village design concept. This concept creates hubs for connection throughout the building and enhances a sense of community. In the case of the Rockford K-5 prototype school, the whole is truly greater than the sum of its parts.

Workshops with students developed new ways of seeing how the young children recognized, interacted and inhabited their own spaces. These ideas would be integral into developing the architecture of the building and interior spaces. Photo credit: Rockford Public Schools / CannonDesign

The architecture engages children directly, at once both stimulating and educational. It inherently responds to the reality that entering kindergarten – in this case an 86,000 SF building – can be a remarkably difficult transition and intimidating experience. Influenced by the drawings of children, the design team created unique kindergarten spaces that are visible from the street to help eliminate any intimidation. Each space has unique geometric windows with different colors that break the scale of the school down to the one room schoolhouse, allowing kindergarten students to understand their space in the larger community. The windows, installed near floor level, are irresistible to the kindergartners, beckoning them to engage with the world around them.

Plan Perspective of Rockford Public Schools Photo credit: CannonDesign

This geometric strategy extends to other spaces throughout the building where students learn while playing. With integrated furniture, the students learn mass and void relationships in the physical world. This spatial reasoning is essential for their development. In the learning communities, the soft, moveable furniture is designed to be pushed, pulled, and repositioned any way the students desire. Their collaboration, community, and experience is remade by them each day.

Finally, the architecture of the whole is designed to reflect the larger community of Rockford, Illinois. Drawing on the community’s agrarian and industrial roots, the 86,000-sf facility is broken down into smaller, identifiable masses, reflecting the student’s understanding of architecture and place. Looking at both the macro (history, community, culture) and the micro (postures, cognitive development, learning styles) the design team synthesized a new prototype for both the students and the community.

Data Sheet

  • Official Name of the Project: Rockford Public Schools District 205, Elementary School
  • Location: Rockford, IL
    Size: 86,000 SF
  • Completed: 2018
  • Architecture Firm:  CannonDesign
  • Project Director: Stuart Brodsky
  • Design Principal: Robert Benson
  • Photographers: Christopher Barrett and Robert Benson

More About CannonDesign
CannonDesign is an integrated global design firm that unites a dynamic team of architects, engineers, industry experts and builders driven by a singular goal – to help solve their clients’ and society’s greatest challenges. The firm’s design teams partner with clients across a multitude of industries including healthcare, education, science + technology, corporate/commercial, civic and sports. In both 2017 and 2019, Fast Company named CannonDesign one of the world’s most innovative architecture companies.