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Jacobs, in support of NASA’s International Space Station team, is leveraging remotely-sensed data and high-definition imagery captured from 240 miles above, in space, to aid disaster response efforts.

By Lisa Vanderbloemen

It’s a bird, it’s a plane. Wait no, it’s the International Space Station (ISS)! Even if you live in a big city, you might be able to spot the station overhead on a clear day because it’s powered by an acre of solar panels.

The largest manmade object in space, ISS remains in continuous orbit an average of 240 miles above Earth’s surface and in 24 hours, it makes approximately 16 orbits of Earth, traveling through 16 sunrises and sunsets and covering more than 90 percent of the global population.

It’s no secret that global predictions for an unpredictable climate come with increased disaster risks. As the frequency and severity of weather events intensify and populations grow, the potential impact on governments, cities and businesses around the world is constantly increasing.

But what if we showed you how Jacobs and NASA scientists are leveraging remotely-sensed data acquired by ISS’s orbital sensor systems and captivating images from 240 miles overhead to provide critical disaster response aid, and help communities recover and become more resilient?

Capturing the scene below, every 90 minutes

Expedition 59 crew members Anne McClain, Oleg Konoenko, and David Saint-Jacques welcome their new crew members, Nick Hague, Christina Koch, and Alexey Ovchinin, who arrived to the International Space Station on March 14, 2019. Photo: NASA TV

Traveling at a speed of five miles per second, the team of six astronauts living and working aboard the ISS orbit Earth every 90 minutes. This team has a unique vantage point to document Earth’s dynamic environment including its geology, meteorology, geography, oceanography and ecology.

Down on Earth, Jacobs’ team of scientists at the Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston help provide these specialized, remote-sensing, science operations and observation services to the ISS program, including guiding astronauts to produce scientific photography and enhancing the imagery’s educational impact.

The ISS-generated images – capturing everything from impact craters, glaciers, volcanoes and aerosols to cities, storms and lightning and natural disasters – give primary data on the state of the Earth and complement traditional automated sensor systems. In addition to the astronauts’ real-time observations using handheld cameras, the space station’s orbital sensor systems provide a vital tool to identify the extent of damage from natural disasters and can even provide mapping support to aid response efforts on the ground.

Understanding the bigger picture

Almost every day, new target image requests – a combination of scientific, educational, crew and public affairs needs – get added to the team database. The Jacobs team on ground checks the ISS orbit tracks alongside ground targets, the sun elevation angles for the target and weather conditions to ensure the crew can view the ground target requested. Once all checks are passed, the target will be included in the daily target capture list for the team aboard ISS.

When possible and applicable, the team at JSC will request the astronauts capture imagery before a natural disaster hits an area. This is primarily the case when a large tropical storm is forecasted to hit a specific area, as our team can keep up-to-date with when and where a storm will hit. Pre-storm and post-storm imagery is invaluable when assessing storm damage, including flooding, infrastructure damage, power outages and other factors.

Hurricane Michael eyewall, last year. Photo: NASA, Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth

In practice

Since 2012, we’ve delivered nearly 2,400 images in support of the U.S. Geological Survey/Disaster Program documenting natural and human-made disasters around the world, including Hurricane Florence and the California wildfires in 2018.

During Hurricane Florence, a Category 1 hurricane active from Sept. 11 to 21, teams captured nighttime imagery to document the widespread power outages, especially in North Carolina. As wildfires ravaged northern California in May, teams captured a total of 116 images to monitor and track the spread of the fires.

Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth, the entire library of images captured from ISS, provides an enthralling look at the world around us, especially in times of need.

Interested in learning more about how Jacobs transforms intangible ideas into intelligent solutions for a more connected, sustainable world? Visit www.jacobs.com/what-if.

90% of Earth’s population is covered by ISS orbit, with astronauts taking millions of images of the planet below.

58,319 images of lightning captured by ISS in 2018.

2,399 images documenting natural and human-made disasters used to aid in responses around the world since 2012

Lisa Vanderbloemen is a PhD level scientist, specializing in remote sensing analysis. She currently serves as the manager of the Exploration Science/Earth Science & Remote Sensing Unit at Jacobs, leveraging extensive management experience as both a U.S. Navy Reserve Commander and civilian contractor working in the information technology discipline. Lisa’s technical expertise includes database management, temporal/spatial analysis of oceanographic and hydrographic data and algorithm development.