American consumers spent less than 4 percent of their total annual household spending on energy in 2016, the smallest share ever recorded by the U.S. government, a new study finds. Falling costs for electricity, gasoline, and natural gas along with energy efficiency measures have contributed to a dramatic drop in consumer spending on energy. This finding, from the 2017 Sustainable Energy in America Factbook, is supported by U.S. energy statistics highlighting improvements in energy efficiency, natural gas production and use, and renewable energy deployment.

The 2017 Factbook, compiled by research firm Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) for the Business Council for Sustainable Energy (BCSE), is the fifth edition of this annual resource. The Factbook outlines key trends influencing America’s investment and economics, energy supply, and energy demand. This year’s edition demonstrates that growth and development of key energy industries continues to contribute to positive energy and economic trends benefitting the U.S.

According to BNEF, “Two thousand sixteen marked yet another monumental year in the energy sector, as the transformation in how the U.S. produces and consumes energy continued to play out. The rapid pace of renewable energy deployment accelerated, consumption and export of domestic natural gas hit record levels, and the economy grew more energy efficient than ever. In the face of all this change, Americans are enjoying lower energy bills, directing less of their household income to energy spending than at any other time on record.”

“The contributions of sustainable energy to the country’s economic competitiveness are direct, dramatic, and dynamic,” said Lisa Jacobson, president of BCSE. “The trend lines in the 2017 Factbook are clear: Energy efficiency, natural gas, and renewable energy are benefitting American consumers, American businesses, and American manufacturers. And that adds up to one conclusion: Clean energy wins for America.”

The key cost savings, economic development, and manufacturing statistics quantified by the 2017 Factbook include the following:

  • Retail electric prices across the country fell 2.2 percent in 2016 in real terms from 2015 levels. On average, consumers now pay 3.9 percent less per kilowatt-hour for electricity than in 2007.
  • Natural gas prices across the spectrum set or approached record lows in 2016. Retail natural gas prices continued to tumble as prices for commercial consumers plunged to their lowest levels since 1977, in real terms.
  • Renewable deployment hit record levels in 2016, and wind and solar costs continued to fall, making renewables the cheapest source of energy in some states.
  • The U.S. economy is continuing to grow without expanding its use of energy. Since 2007, the nation’s GDP has grown by 12 percent while energy consumption has fallen by nearly 4 percent.
  • The U.S. remains one of the most competitive places in the world for energy-intensive industries and manufacturing due to low power and natural gas prices — beating out other large countries such as China, India, Mexico, and Japan.

“The U.S. continues to use energy more efficiently and with lower CO2 emissions, while at the same time cutting consumer spending,” said Colleen Regan, head of Environmental Markets and Cross-sector Research at BNEF. “2016 offered further proof that we can decarbonize and grow our economy, all without raising customer bills.”

The following key trends influencing finance and investment, production, and consumption are highlighted in the 2017 Factbook:

Investment and economics

  • Investment in zero-carbon technologies totaled $59 billion in 2016, after a record $63 billion in 2015.
  • Utilities invested $21.5 billion in electric transmission and another $21.1 billion into natural gas infrastructure, which are critical to sustained long-term growth for sustainable energy.
  • American consumers are devoting less of household spending to energy than at any other time in the past 60 years, and the U.S. remains one of the most competitive places for energy-intensive industries worldwide.

Energy supply

  • The U.S. continues to extract near-record amounts of domestic natural gas, while productivity improves.
  • Renewable energy and natural gas now provide 50 percent of U.S. power, up from only 30 percent 10 years ago.
  • Economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions plummeted to the lowest levels in 25 years.

Energy demand

  • Corporations upped pledges to reduce energy consumption and to source 100 percent of their electricity from renewables.
  • Greater energy efficiency efforts have coincided with a lower-cost, more sustainable energy economy.
  • The country’s first liquefied natural gas export terminal promises to bring new sources of demand, alongside growing exports to Mexico.
  • Low-priced oil continues to jeopardize recent gains in fuel economy, but sales of electric vehicles, while still small, jumped 38 percent from 2015 levels.
  • Key federal policies supportive of sustainable energy hit stumbling blocks in 2016, while state-level actions on energy and climate will create more demand for sustainable energy.

The 2017 Factbook can be downloaded from the BCSE website at www.bcse.org/sustainableenergyfactbook.


Information provided by Bloomberg New Energy Finance (https://about.bnef.com).

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